In this article, we shall be discussing on how to write final year project in Nigeria currently in this year 2023. If you are a final year student at any university in Nigeria and you do not know how to go about writing your project, the guidelines we have given in this post will be of immense help to you, kindly continue reading to find out more.
GUIDE ON HOW TO WRITE A FINAL YEAR PROJECT IN NIGERIA 2023
The following are the step by step processes on how to write a final year project in Nigeria this 2023:
INTRODUCTORY PAGES OF THE FINAL YEAR PROJECT
A final-year project’s introductory pages should comprise the Title which should not exceed twenty-three words, a Declaration, Certification, Acknowledgement, Table of Contents, a List of Tables, a List of Figures, and an Abstract. Although the Abstract page is one of the introductory pages, it is typically written after the entire project is concluded since it needs to provide a concise explanation of the research being done, the methodology used in the study, as well as the results of the study and any recommendations.
CHAPTER ONE (GENERAL INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY)
Every final year project in Nigeria typically begins with Chapter One. This chapter basically introduces the reader to the study. This chapter includes the following sections: an introduction, a statement of the problem, the purpose of the study, research questions, hypotheses, the significance of the study, the scope of the study, and a glossary of terms.
The precise purpose of the study should be stated in Chapter One’s Introduction. This section should also discuss various overlapping points of view on the subject, as well as the findings of other researchers in that field. The section of the final year project where the precise problems that the research study is meant to address is called the Statement of the Problem after which the Purpose of the Study follows next. The main goal of the project is expressed here, and this section should provide the answers to the queries posed in the Statement of the Problem section.
The study is guided by the questions in the section titled Research Questions. These are typically “WH” questions that are designed to address the questions the researcher is trying to solve. The researcher creates assertions that forecast the nature of the link between various variables that are anticipated to occur in the study in the Research Hypotheses section. The goal of the study is to ascertain whether the theories put out were true or false.
The study’s relevance to solving the problems it identified as existing is the Significance of the Study while the geographic area that is taken into account for the study as well as the range of subject matter that will be addressed in the research are both mentioned in the Scope of the Study section. To ensure that readers are not left in the dark when they encounter unfamiliar terminology in the project, the Definition of Terms section describes key terms and concepts unique to the study.
CHAPTER TWO (LITERATURE REVIEW)
The Opening paragraph in Chapter Two outlines the idea of the research study and is followed by Conceptual Review, Theoretical Review, and Empirical Review. Following the brief introduction of the research project, Chapter Two’s Conceptual Review contains all justifications for the investigation in a logical sequence.
Theoretical Review focuses on one or more recent formal theories that provide explanations for the research study under consideration. Empirical Review, on the other hand, entails a critical review of existing literature or academic materials on the research topic. In-text references to the cited materials must be included by the researcher.
In order to support his or her research study, the researcher should point out any gaps in the body of literature that have been observed in the writings of authors and other researchers. Academic writing or articles from recognized journals must be the type of literature acceptable for evaluation in Chapter two.
CHAPTER THREE (RESEARCH METHODOLOGY/MATERIALS AND METHODS)
The methods and techniques used throughout the study are covered in this chapter. Typically, Chapter Three is divided into the following sections: Research Design, Population of the Study, Validity of Instruments, Data Collection Procedure, and Data Analysis Method. The sort of design the researcher opts to utilize is specified in the Research Design section along with the rationale behind it.
The total number of respondents that make up the research study is listed in the section titled Population of the Study. The number of respondents from the overall population who would be employed for the study is stated in the Sample and Sampling Technique section by the researcher, who also justifies the method used in selecting the respondents.
CHAPTER FOUR (RESULT OF FINDINGS)
The researcher presents the study’s results in Chapter Four in a systematic manner, which aids in the justification of any conclusions. The outcomes of the study are provided in accordance with research, questions, and hypotheses, according to the structure for Chapter Four’s introduction statement. In this section, the research questions from Chapter one are addressed, and the hypotheses are put to the test to see if the educated guesses were correct or incorrect. The key findings from the study’s data analysis should be enumerated and explained in detail here.
CHAPTER FIVE (CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS)
The researcher can now describe the results, make inferences, and provide solutions to the issues that motivated the study. The researcher is expected to present his or her findings, discuss how each agrees or disagrees with the study of other materials on the subject, and provide evidence for why the findings of his or her project agree or disagree with the work of other researchers. The researcher must describe the application of his or her project to their field in this chapter. A conclusion section should also be included when the researcher sums up the main points of the study. The researcher must also formulate recommendations based on the project’s findings.
For academic research projects at tertiary institutions in Nigeria, the APA style of referencing is advised. Every table, figure, illustration, and piece of literature should also be cited. Plagiarism needs to be avoided at all costs.