This article is about how to start grape farming business in Nigeria currently in this year 2023. One of the many profitable agricultural enterprises in Nigeria is the grape farming industry. If you have been considering making an agricultural investment, grape farming in Nigeria should be explored. Nigeria has favourable weather conditions for the grape farming industry, which is very lucrative especially when the grapes are exported to other countries as a raw material for wine production.
Over the years, a significant portion of Nigeria’s potential for grape production has gone unrealized. The reason for this is that a sizeable portion of the grapes consumed in Nigeria are imported. However, you can begin your grape farming enterprise in the country today and make a lot of money from it, which will eliminate the need for imports once people realize that you are a very successful grape farmer. We will provide you a thorough overview of how to launch your own vineyard in the country as we move forward with this article.
WHY YOU SHOULD CONSIDER GRAPE FARMING IN NIGERIA
You might be wondering why you should invest in grape farming business in Nigeria. The solution is, in fact, fairly straightforward. The profit is particularly high in Nigeria since grapes and grape products are so widely accepted. So, if you want to make a lot of money, the Nigerian grape farming industry is for you.
THE ADVANTAGES OF GRAPES FOR HEALTH
By merely eating grapes, you can gain a variety of health advantages. The grape berry is rich in minerals including iron, copper, and manganese as well as vitamins A, C, and K. In addition to the nutrients indicated above, eating grapes provides some of the advantages listed below:
- The fibre content of grapes aid in the prevention of indigestion and constipation.
- Children who eat a lot of grapes have less asthmatic symptoms.
- Grapes are the best fruit for diabetics because they contain low calorie content.
- Additionally, grapes contain polyphenols that lower the risk of diabetes and cancer.
GUIDE ON HOW TO START GRAPE FARMING BUSINESS IN NIGERIA 2023
The following are the step by step processes on how to start grape farming business in Nigeria this 2023:
PREPARE YOUR GRAPE FARMING BUSINESS PLAN
You must have a business strategy in order to be successful in the Nigerian grape farming industry. You will be managing your agribusiness blindly without a business plan for grape farming. The market study, cost analysis, SWOT analysis, and other items will all be included in your business plan.
Your business strategy is crucial if you want to truly establish a place for yourself in the Nigerian grape farming industry. Your business plan can also assist you in obtaining loans from either public or private organizations, such as banks. Until you have presented a solid business plan for your enterprise, no investor will take you seriously.
CAPITAL FOR THE GRAPE FARMING BUSINESS
After your business plan has been developed, you can then proceed to make available the required capital for your grape business. Whether you want to start on a small or large scale depends on you and you should prepare your capital based on the scale you are starting on. You can employ the services of professionals to give a detailed estimate of how much it will cost you to start your grape farming business in Nigeria.
The next step is acquiring land to begin cultivating after you have your business plan and the necessary funding to launch your grape farming business in Nigeria. To prevent water logging, commercial grape production requires deep, well-drained soil. You can use organic manure throughout the land preparation to increase the soil’s fertility and structure. On a hectare, manure can be applied at a rate of 50 to 60 kg.
PLANTING YOUR GRAPES
Planting should take place between the months of October and March to achieve the best yields for your grape farming enterprise. During this time, the grape receives the proper amount of sunshine exposure and warm weather. You must realize that grapes do not require a lot of water, although irrigation will be required in areas with annual rainfall below 500 mm.
Grapes should not be planted in regions with an annual rainfall of more than 900mm. Before planting, you should erect a support, like a frame made of bamboo sticks. The depth and distance of the planting holes should both be 15 cm from the support. You can grow grapes in your farm using grape seeds, grape cuttings, or grape vine rootstock.
After planting, the soil must be covered with a thick layer of compost or decomposed manure. This shields the grape vine’s roots from freezing temperatures. 25°C to 32°C is the best range of temperatures for grape production. Grape vines benefit greatly from the regular application of manure and irrigation of the soil.
Between vine rows, you must leave a space of two to three meters, and within rows, one to five meters. You can grow up to 5000 grape vines with this kind of spacing arrangement on a hectare of land. You can combine humic acid, sugar, and coconut water and spray it on the bud during the developmental stage to enhance the quality of the grape berries.
PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL
If you want to be successful in the grape farming business in Nigeria, you must know how to avoid and control pests and diseases. The red spider mite, which prefers dry environments, is the most frequent insect you may encounter. High humidity lowers the quality of the grape berries even though the insect is easily handled in those conditions.
Thrips, Flea beetles, leaf hoppers, and mealy bugs are some other pests. By using the right insecticides, you may get rid of these pests. Berries are impacted by diseases including mildew and anthracnose infection. Trichoderma, Bordeaux combination, and cow urine can all be utilized to prevent or treat the aforementioned diseases.
HARVESTING YOUR GRAPE BERRIES
The berries can be harvested at any time. Depending on when you planted your grapes, you can pick them whenever you choose. Although the yield greatly depends on the grape type, you can still harvest up to 50kg per acre. You might find it interesting to learn that grape plants can continue to produce for up to 15 years. The grape berries must be kept in boxes after harvest, especially if they will be transported far from the farmland. Nigerians still rarely engage in the grape farming business, despite the enormous demand for grapes and grape-related items.