This article contains information on the complete list of all land borders in Nigeria. These geographical borders are not the internal borders between States in the Federation, but rather international frontiers that our country shares with its neighbours in West and Central Africa. Nigeria is located in West Africa and it is widely regarded as the Giant of Africa. Our country has a variety of natural and climatic characteristics, and it borders many other countries on both land and the sea. Nigeria’s land borders with other sovereign countries include the Republic of Niger to the north, Cameroon and Chad to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean to the south as well as the Republic of Benin to the west. These borders are judicially enforced demarcation lines and we shall discuss about them in detail below.
FULL LIST OF ALL LAND BORDERS IN NIGERIA
The following is a full list of all land borders in Nigeria in no particular order:
ZAMFARA – REPUBLIC OF NIGER LAND BORDER
Zamfara State, Located in the North-Western part of Nigeria, is bordered by the Republic of Niger. Zamfara State’s Shinkafi Local Government Area shares a border to the north with the Republic of Niger.
BORNO – REPUBLIC OF CHAD LAND BORDER
Nigeria shares a border with the Republic of Chad in Borno State. It is a diagonal line consisting of 85km in length that separates the country from Chad. The whole boundary used to run wholly across Lake Chad, but due to the lake’s drastic shrinkage over the past few decades, the majority of the boundary now runs across land, swamp, and occasionally exposed islands in the lake.
ADAMAWA – REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON LAND BORDER
Adamawa State in Northern Nigeria shares a border with Cameroon, a country in East Africa. Garoua, a community in Northern Cameroon, borders Adamawa to the east.
BORNO – REPUBLIC OF NIGER LAND BORDER
Borno, a State in the North-Eastern part of Nigeria, is the only one in the country with borders that are shared by three countries: Chad, the Republic of Nigeria, and the Republic of Benin. Republic of Niger borders Borno State on its eastern side. The settlement separating Borno State from the Niger Republic is Bosso village in the Diffa area of that country.
JIGAWA – REPUBLIC OF NIGER LAND BORDER
Jigawa is yet another State that is located in the North-Western part of Nigeria that has a northern international boundary with Niger Republic. The Republic of Niger’s Zinder Region serves as the border town separating it from Jigawa State.
CROSS RIVER – REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON BORDER
Cross River is a state in southern Nigeria that shares an international border with the Republic of Cameron. The Republic of Cameroon borders Cross Rivers State on the east. The Manyu River in Mamfe, Republic of Cameroon, serves as the border between Mfun, Etung Local Government Area, and Cameroon. Though it is not a land border, a suspension bridge built in 1948 at the Mfum border station connects Nigeria with the Republic of Cameroon’s Ekok village, making it an official border crossing point.
OGUN – REPUBLIC OF BENIN LAND BORDER
Ogun State, located in South Western Nigeria, shares a western border with the Republic of Benin. Along the Niger-Benin land border, there are a number of border communities, including Igbofoki Community in Yewa North Local Government Area and Idiroko village in Ipokia Local Government Area in Ogun State, which act as entry points into the Republic of Benin. Idiroko village has been recognized as an official border crossing point since the 1960s.
SOKOTO – REPUBLIC OF NIGER LAND BORDER
Sokoto borders the Republic of Niger to the north. Sokoto State’s arid region merges with the desert of the Republic of Niger’s Dosso Region.
KEBBI – REPUBLIC OF NIGER LAND BORDER
Kebbi State is bordered to the North-West by the Dosso Region of the Republic of Niger.
KWARA – REPUBLIC OF BENIN LAND BORDER
Another one of Nigeria’s land borders. Chikanda, a border town in the Baruten Local Government Area of Kwara State, shares a border with Ndali, a town in the Republic of Benin’s Nikki Province.
BORNO – REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON LAND BORDER
Borno State’s land border with the Republic of Cameroon can be found at the Banki town in Borno State. This town is bounded by the Achimide community in the Republic of Cameroon’s Far North Province.
OYO – REPUBLIC OF BENIN LAND BORDER
Oyo State is in the southwestern region of Nigeria. Oyo shares an international boundary with the Republic of Benin to the South-West. Atisbo Local Government Area is the border town that shares boundaries with the Republic of Benin.
BENUE – REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON LAND BORDER
Benue State in the North-Central part of the country, shares an international border with the Republic of Cameroon to the south-east.
YOBE – REPUBLIC OF NIGER LAND BORDER
Yobe State, located in the North-Eastern part of Nigeria, shares an international land border with the Republic of Niger. Yobe Machina Logal Government Area in Yobe State is bounded to the north by the Diffa and Zinder Regions of Niger Republic.
SOKOTO – REPUBLIC OF NIGER LAND BORDER
Sokoto State located in the North-Western part of the country, also shares an international border with Niger Republic. Illela Local Government Area of Sokoto State borders the Konni Region of the Republic of Niger to the north.
ENUGU – REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON LAND BORDER
The 443 km Enugu-Bamenda Highway connects Enugu State with Bamenda City in the Republic of Cameroon.
LAGOS – REPUBLIC OF BENIN LAND BORDER
A recognized border crossing point for the passage of people and commodities between Nigeria and the Republic of Benin is the Seme border in the Badagry West Local Council Development Area of Lagos. The city of Cotonou in the Republic of Benin is connected by a coastal road from Badagry, Lagos.
There are many different types of international borders, ranging from natural and physical borders that can obstruct communication and travel in varying degrees, like mountain ranges, rivers, lakes, and forests, to landscape borders that result from a combination of political and natural borders, like the borders separating sovereign States, which grant complete control that cannot be interfered with by other governments within their border.
In addition to sharing land borders with the Republic of Niger, the Republic of Chad, the Republic of Cameroon, and the Republic of Benin, Nigeria also has maritime borders with the following sovereign states: Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome and Principe, Ghana, the Republic of Benin, and the Republic of Cameroon. In order to enable trade, provide foreign exchange, and allow for free movement of people, the land borders are essential to the economies of Nigeria and the Sovereign States that it borders. Recognized entry points are set up to control the flow of products and people through the boundaries in order to prevent the unauthorized entry and exit of individuals as well as smuggled commodities.